PDF Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien

  • Paperback
  • 224
  • Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien
  • Marc Bloch
  • English
  • 03 August 2020
  • 9780394705125

Marc Bloch ì 2 Review

Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien Free download ✓ 2 Marc Bloch ì 2 Review Review Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien Tten records are not enough; a historian must draw upon maps place names ancient tools aerial surveys folklore and everything that is available This is a work that argues constantly for a wider human history For a history that describes how and why people live and work together There is a living breathing connection between the past and the present and it is the historian’s responsibility to do it justic. Bloch defends in this booklet the these that history is a science albeit with its own methodology and with the limited expectations that you may impose on all human sciences A somewhat ambiguous position this is in the then mid 20th century still furious discussion with positivism The booklet contains many valuable insights but the meandering style makes the reading in French not easy in defense of Bloch he wrote this in captivity in 1942 43 without access to a library To reread

Review Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historienApologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien

Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien Free download ✓ 2 Marc Bloch ì 2 Review Review Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien Ogy have become increasingly popular Bloch remains an authority He argues that history is a whole; no period and no topic can be understood except in relation to other periods and topics And what is uniue about Bloch is that he puts his theories into practice; for example calling upon both his experience serving in WWI as well as his many years spent in peaceful study and reflection He also argues that wri. First of all props to Marc Bloch who wrote this book essentially from memory while hiding from the Nazis who eventually captured tortured and killed him The intellectual capacity to write cogently and compellingly and the focus to do so while fearing for his life as a Jewish freedom fighter in occupied France is inspiring if not intimidatingThe product is a work of remarkable clarity given its subject which is basically how history gets written That s not the most captivating subject and the result is not the most captivating book but it s much less dry than you d expectOK so that s not a ringing endorsement And basically at this point the only reason you re reading this book is you are really invested in historiography the study of the study of history an unarguably inward focused occupation or you have like me been assigned this as part of a graduate course in the subjectBloch was an incredibly influential historian before his career was interrupted and alas ended by World War II He cofounded Annales a French historical journal that pushed the field away from the scientific positivism of the 19th and early 20th centuries and toward using the methods of the social sciences and other fields to tell the stories of those less fortunate than the great men on which historians had typically focused before thenIn The Historian s Craft Bloch lays out a precise sometimes astonishingly so overview of how historians work He s less interested in laying out a philosophy of history than a practice of it so he spends his time delving into uestions of epistemology critical thinking comparison and analysis advocating for greater transparency understanding and clarity from his colleagues To Bloch s credit the book provides ample doses of all three

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Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien Free download ✓ 2 Marc Bloch ì 2 Review Review Apologie pour l'histoire ou Métier d'historien In this classic work distinguished French economic historian Marc Bloch discusses the techniues of historical observation analysis and criticism and the reestablishment of historical causation in assessing events What is the value of history What is the use of history How do scholars attempt to unpack it and make connections in a responsible manner While the topics of historiography and historical methodol. Introduction What is the use of history What is the legitimacy of history There is an entertainment value to history History can help to integrate fragments of knowledge into a unified whole synthesis History Men and Time This chapter defines history This book accepts a broad interpretation of the word history inuiry The object or history or inuiry is man History is further defined by calling it the study of men in time The present effects the knowledge of the past as does the past influence the present Thus history is the study of men in time from the past to the present Historical Observation Historians cannot directly observe what they study They look through others eyes But history does leave behind traces which the historian can observe directly As our methods improve we can better see the past ex archeology The most difficult task is to assemble the evidence of the past documents Historical Criticism Not all documentary evidence is truthful Criticism of documents in archives began in 1681 One type of bad evidence is fraud or forgery This can lead to positive evidence when the motive behind the forgery is discovered A second type of bad evidence is a slight misrepresentation of the facts a bias In order for an error to become accepted as historical truth it must fit with social conscious it must sound plausible We can critically accept documents by how well they fit in with other documents of its particular time period Ex if a 10th century document were written on paper and all others were written on parchment it is likely that the paper document is a fraud This is critical comparison It can either accept of deny the authenticity of a document by comparing it to its time period The majority of the problems of historical criticism are actually problems of probability Ex what is the likelihood that the document is correct Historical Analysis Should historians attempt to merely understand or should they judge what they study To judge something we impose our own value system on the past Thus the goal of the historian is understanding Analysis reuires a language to accurately describe the facts The problem is that language meaning has changed throughout time Thus the vocabulary of documents itself is another form of evidence Periodization is another tool for analysis Centuries are given a variety of attributes that help describe those who lived in that time Yet human time will never correspond directly with clock time centuries do not philosophically begin in xx01 Historical Causation why did an event happen The most recent antecedent is usually defined as the cause of an event ex a man falls off a cliff Gravity or the slope of the mountain is not blamed his misstep is Causes are not to be assumed They are to be looked for Tehanu value of history What is the use of history How do scholars attempt to unpack it and make connections in a responsible manner While the topics of historiography and historical methodol. Introduction What is the use of history What is the legitimacy of history There is an entertainment A Tradition of Victory value to history History can help to integrate fragments of knowledge into a unified whole synthesis History Men and Time This chapter defines history This book accepts a broad interpretation of the word history inuiry The object or history or inuiry is man History is further defined by calling it the study of men in time The present effects the knowledge of the past as does the past influence the present Thus history is the study of men in time from the past to the present Historical Observation Historians cannot directly observe what they study They look through others eyes But history does leave behind traces which the historian can observe directly As our methods improve we can better see the past ex archeology The most difficult task is to assemble the evidence of the past documents Historical Criticism Not all documentary evidence is truthful Criticism of documents in archives began in 1681 One type of bad evidence is fraud or forgery This can lead to positive evidence when the motive behind the forgery is discovered A second type of bad evidence is a slight misrepresentation of the facts a bias In order for an error to become accepted as historical truth it must fit with social conscious it must sound plausible We can critically accept documents by how well they fit in with other documents of its particular time period Ex if a 10th century document were written on paper and all others were written on parchment it is likely that the paper document is a fraud This is critical comparison It can either accept of deny the authenticity of a document by comparing it to its time period The majority of the problems of historical criticism are actually problems of probability Ex what is the likelihood that the document is correct Historical Analysis Should historians attempt to merely understand or should they judge what they study To judge something we impose our own Monstruos como nosotros Historias de freaks colosos y prodigios value system on the past Thus the goal of the historian is understanding Analysis reuires a language to accurately describe the facts The problem is that language meaning has changed throughout time Thus the Drunken Fireworks vocabulary of documents itself is another form of evidence Periodization is another tool for analysis Centuries are given a Angels Flight variety of attributes that help describe those who lived in that time Yet human time will never correspond directly with clock time centuries do not philosophically begin in xx01 Historical Causation why did an event happen The most recent antecedent is usually defined as the cause of an event ex a man falls off a cliff Gravity or the slope of the mountain is not blamed his misstep is Causes are not to be assumed They are to be looked for